Row of eggsCholine is an essential nutrient that many individuals have never even heard of before. Perhaps that is because it wasn’t acknowledged as a required nutrient by the Institute of Medicine until 1998. 

Your body uses choline in many important functions including the transportation of other nutrients into your body, fat metabolism, proper cell growth and repair, and the reduction of inflammation after strenuous exercise and injury. It can also influence how signals are sent from your brain to your muscles.

Though choline is produced in your body, you need to get some through your diet or through vitamins. Foods high in choline include liver (beef and chicken), eggs, and some fish (such as cod and salmon).

Choline usage increases dramatically during high-energy physical activity. Endurance athletes may use so much choline during an event that they experience short-term impacts caused by low choline levels including decreased focus, memory, and muscle performance.

Your DNA has an effect on the way your body metabolizes choline. 

The PEMT gene helps to regulate your body’s choline levels. Nearly 50 percent of people carry a variant of the PEMT gene that puts them at risk of choline deficiency.

Athletigen can tell you which variant of the PEMT gene you have and how your DNA affects how you metabolize choline. Get the Nutrition Report and find out what your nutritional needs are!


Athletigen maintains the highest standards of data privacy and will never sell or share your personal information or data. See our privacy statement and ethics statement for more details. 

Like this article? Spread the word

Share Share Share Share

Purchase DNA insight reports from

Get a DNA consultation