Insulin has gotten a bad rap over the past few years and has been cast as an evil hormone, when in fact it doesn’t deserve the treatment it has received. We'll explain why but first, what is insulin?
Insulin is a natural hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy or to store glucose for future use. Insulin helps keep your blood sugar level from getting too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia).
If your blood sugar levels are too high (from frequent spikes of foods too high in sugar and too low in other nutrients such as fiber and protein), insulin can activate your liver cells to store excess sugar for later use. This is where the bad rap has come from.
Many factors can influence how well your cells respond to insulin. Overeating, high abdominal fat, and a diet high in sugar and fats can change the physiology of your cells, making it more difficult for insulin signals to get where they are needed. These influences, combined with inactivity, can result in tissue inflammation and altered blood chemistry, which can contribute to ‘insulin resistance’. The opposite of insulin resistance — when your body is efficient at using insulin — is referred to as ‘insulin sensitive’.
Unfortunately, the current prevalence of convenience foods and sedentary lifestyles puts most adults at risk of at least some level of insulin resistance later in life. However, some people are at more risk of developing insulin resistance than others, and you guessed it — your genes and your Athletigen Nutrition Report can tell you if you are predisposed.
If you are at a higher risk of developing insulin resistance there are many dietary and lifestyle changes that you can make to dramatically lower this risk and stay healthy.
Do you want to know your risks of insulin resistance? Get our Nutrition Report and find out what your nutritional needs are!